Bookkeeping

### Investing Activities Cash Flows

If there were a decrease in accounts receivable, the decrease would be added to sales revenue. The comparative balance sheets of Juarez Company show a zero cash balance at January 1, 2003, and a cash balance of \$159,000 at December 31, 2003. The accounts payable increase resulted from the purchase of merchandise. To illustrate the direct method, we use the transactions of Juarez Company for two years, 2003 and 2004, to prepare annual statements of cash flow. The purchase of equipment should be shown as a \$25,000 outflow of cash and the sale of equipment should be shown as a cash inflow of \$4,000.

The difficulty in this process can come from having to sort through multiple purchases and sales to compute the exact amount of cash involved in each transaction. At times, determining these cash effects resembles the work required to solve a puzzle with many connecting pieces. Often, the accountant must replicate https://business-accounting.net/ the journal entries that were made originally. Even then, the cash portion of these transactions may have to be determined by mathematical logic. To illustrate, assume that a company reports the following account balances. Next, we will discuss the cash flows involving a company’s investing activities.

## IAS 7 — Statement of Cash Flows

Cash Flow from Investing Activities is the section of a company’s cash flow statement that displays how much money has been used in making investments during a investing activities do not include the specific time period. Investing activities include purchases of long-term assets , acquisitions of other businesses, and investments in marketable securities .

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If a current asset’s balance had decreased, the amount of the decrease is added to the amount of net income. The decrease in a current asset had a positive/favorable effect on the company’s cash balance. If a current asset’s balance had increased, the amount of the increase is subtracted from the amount of net income. The increase in a current asset had a negative/unfavorable effect on the company’s cash balance. An adjustment to net income that is not in parentheses is a positive amount, which indicates the cash amount was more than the related amount on the income statement. A positive adjustment can also be interpreted to be favorable for the company’s cash balance.

## Study Objective 5 – Use the Statement

For instance, a \$50,000 expenditure may be major to one company and of little significance to another. Operating capital in a company or firm usually refers to production inputs that are normally used up within a production year. On the other hand, investment capital refers to durable resources like machines and buildings in which money invested is tied up for several years. 1) Identify them as sources and applications of funds, and arrange them in a proper manner with the Sources of funds on the left and the Applications on the right of a tabulated statement for the said period.

• Interestingly, this expenditure level is almost exactly the same as the monetary amount invested in those assets in the previous year.
• The borrower may be able to bargain for better terms by putting up collateral, which is a way of backing one’s promise to repay.
• The purchase of equipment should be shown as a \$25,000 outflow of cash and the sale of equipment should be shown as a cash inflow of \$4,000.
• To grow operations, companies should buy new machines or build new factories.
• So, when capital expenditure is more significant than depreciation, the firm is increasing production capacity.
• When a company is in the introductory stage, one would expect that the company will not be generating positive cash from operations.
• Instead, retained earnings only rose to \$619,000 by the end of the year.

On CFS, investing activities are reported between operating activities and financing activities. The sum of all three results in the net cash flow of the company for the year. For example, David owns a small factory that manufactures key components used in airplanes. Because orders have increased so much, David decides to sell the current plant and purchase a much larger one. All of these transactions take place in 2020 and will be reflected in the company’s cash flow statement for the period. Below are a few examples of cash flows from investing activities along with whether the items generate negative or positive cash flow.

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This type of loan is sometimes called the “flat rate” loan and usually results in an interest rate higher than the one specified. During the year, the total in the T-account fell by \$100,000 from \$400,000 to \$300,000. Apparently, \$100,000 was the cost of the shares reissued to the public. At the same time, the capital in excess of cost balance rose from \$120,000 to \$160,000. That \$40,000 increase in contributed capital must have been created by this sale. A cash inflow of \$594,000 is reported within investing activities with a labeling such as cash received from sale of equipment.

Thus, the \$3,000 loss is added to net income in determining net cash provided by operating activities. The cash dividend paid is reported in the financing activities section. The \$35,000 increase due to net income is reported in the operating activities section. The increase of common stock is assumed to result from the issuance of common stock for \$50,000 cash. Conversely, a decrease in accounts payable would have to be subtracted from net income. Therefore the increase in accounts receivable of \$30,000 must be deducted from net income.

## What are Cash Flows from Investing Activities?

Free cash flow is the term used to describe the cash left from operations after adjustment for capital expenditures and dividends. The statement of cash flows for Juarez Company is shown in Illustration of the textbook. Cash dividends paid are reported in the financing activities section as an outflow of cash. The additional information provided reveals that this was a net increase resulting from two transactions a purchase of equipment for \$25,000 and sale of equipment costing \$8,000 for \$4,000. This transaction is a cash outflow reported in the investing activities section.

Examples of transactions are stock issuance, bond issuance, and dividend payment. This section tells you how the company finances its long-term investment. If this business were to combine all three sections, it would be difficult to determine how well the core operations were performing or if operating cash flow was positive or negative. This format helps determine how each part of the company is doing, allowing business owners and managers to directly address any cash flow issues. Instalment loans are those loans in which the borrower or credit customer repays a set amount each period until the borrowed amount is cleared. Instalment credit is similar to charge account credit, but usually involves a formal legal contract for a predetermined period with specific payments.

In previous chapters, we have been introduced to some cash-based ratios that are gaining increased acceptance among analysts. Therefore there is an inflow of cash of \$90,000 from the issuance of bonds payable. The additional information indicates that a cash dividend of \$70,000 was declared and paid. Purchases, therefore are computed as cost of goods sold plus the increase in inventory (\$450,000 + \$160,000) or \$610,000. Increase in Land–Land of \$130,000 was purchased through the issuance of long-term bonds. Depreciation expense–During 2004 Computer Services Company reported depreciation expense of \$15,000.

• The accountant must study the available data to determine that missing number because that balance is also removed when the asset is sold.
• Generally, property is depreciable if it is used in business or to earn income;, wears out, decays, gets used up or becomes obsolete, and has a determinable useful life of more than one year.
• The direct method is more consistent with the objective of the statement of cash flows because it shows operating cash receipts and payments.
• To calculate the cash flow from investing activities, the sum of these items would be added together, to arrive at the annual figure of -\$33 billion.
• Therefore, the amount of the decrease in receivables would be added to the amount of net income.

Juarez Company began business on January 1, 2003, when it issued 300,000 shares of \$1 par value common stock for \$300,000 cash. A summary of the adjustments for current assets and current liabilities is provided in Illustration 12-19. Loss on Sale of Equipment–Computer Services Company reported a \$3,000 loss on the sale of equipment (book value \$7,000 less cash proceeds \$4,000). The reasons for the increase of \$20,000 in the Retained Earnings account are determined by analysis.

## How to Calculate Cash Flow from Investments?

Thus, the effective interest rates on discount loans are usually much higher than the specified interest rates. C) this information in a sources and uses of funds statement form. Another note payable was paid off prior to its maturity date because of a drop in interest rates. To illustrate, various account balances for the Hastings Corporation are presented in the following schedule. Accumulated depreciation at the start of the year was \$300,000 but depreciation expense of \$230,000 was then reported as shown above.

Virtually the only situation in which accumulated depreciation is reduced is the disposal of the related asset. Although the amount of accumulated depreciation relating to that asset is unknown, the assumption can be made that it is equal to this reduction of \$80,000. No other possible decrease in accumulated depreciation is mentioned. Amounts spent to acquire long-term investments are reported in parentheses, since it required an outflow or use of cash.